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On December 16, 1773 Sam Adams and the Sons of Liberty gathered among three ships in Boston and tossed 342 chests of tea overboard into the water in protest of taxation without representation by the British. After the Tea Act passed earlier in the year, which placed higher costs on imported goods in hopes of boosting the East India Company’s trade expenses, colonists became more disgruntled by the tightening grip that the British Parliament had around them. The Boston Tea Party ignited more acts of resistance which pushed the two sides closer to war. Sam Adams led many patriot groups during the time who resisted to accept any tea imported from England, however Boston merchants refused to deny the shipments. At midnight on the 16th, Adams and a small group dressed as Native Americans climbed aboard the ships and tossed the tea into the water, proving to the British that they would not be subjected to unfair tax laws.